Ocean compressed-air power



Q I April 5 7 c. N HARE OCEAN COMPRESSED: AIR POWER 4 sheets shee File Aug; Ema EE mi pa as: April 5. 1927, 4 #6 BARE 1,623,341 00am COMPRESSED AIR POWER" Filed Aug. lg. 1921 4 Sheet s-Sheet 2 N R vlz glfireni'oz'. Char lqs N Hare} whiny; Apn -il 5, 1927. 1,623,341 .C. N. HARE v.QCEIAN COMPRESSED AIR POWER Filed Aug. i7. 1921 4 Sheets-She Iuventdv; I Uharles N. Hare April '5 192-7. ' I c. N. HARE OCEAN COMPRESSED AIR POWER 4 Sheets-Shet 4 Filed Aug. 1'7. 1921 mmaml Inventor. v Charles NuHaJ'e, Patented Apr. 5, - tries; ' stares i CHARLES N; runs, or LI'M'A, onto. ocn'nn oo R-Essnn-Am m. Application filed August 17, 1921. Serial No. 433,031. vast capacity; and that also is actuated by V the same means to exhaust air from a tank of large dimensions so as to form a vast vacuum, and means in combination therewith to operate engines. An object of the invention a simpleand effective means in condensed form for utilizing waveand tide motion to 2'0 develop power, v V An object of the invention is to provide a wave and tide operated-air compressing and lvacuum forming appliance that is sixnple in constru ction, and effective -in and .not likely to be injured by heavytides and Waves. An object of inventionfis to provide an appliance meansanal-a 'ous'to my, said fo r' mer inventions that will increase the engine efficiency. without alteration or changeyin the engine; "that is, I increase the power obtainable from the engine 01": the former constructions. In other words with orvai'i engiiies w th reciprocatmgpistons I alternately apply compressed air first on one side ofthe piston and thenon theother sidein" the usual way, and I also alternately apply on the side of the piston opposite that 4 on which the compressed air is applied a .s uction'. and. with a rotary engine I; apply a i. suction at the exhaust end of the engine'to ,co-act witlr the compessed air to actuate the' shaft of said engine; H I An objectuotrinvention is to provide means whereby the powers of compressed air and suction by vacuum are made con- I 'tinuously available for l actuatingjengines or appliances using compressed air and vacuum for motive power and to that: end Iprovide mm n t ms ere air n a or responding vacuumtank with means c011 nected. therewith rot continuously maintaming @11 1.PFSSU1Q and vacuum in the .5 respective tanks for simultaneous applicais to provide operation, and thatisstrong d durable V elevation of a plantembodying'myYin alternation. Other obj ects, advantages I of nventlon may appear from the ac tion to opposite sides 0f the piston I P ying drawings, J the subjoine'd to description andthe appended claims. The accompanying drawings illustrate the invention; I Figure 1 is anelevationi of a plant embodying the invention,-, some :of the parts shown in other views being omitted from this view for clearness. 7 .F 2 is a; diagrammatic plan of the plant shown in. Fig. 1 i 1 1 ',Fig; 3 is a diagrammatic side elevation of a plantconstructed with my invention operatively connected to turbineien} gine; the pier structure being omitted, and all the reciprocating tanksbeing showirat rest.v f Y i r. V Fig'. 4 is a diagrammatic section on liiie Fig. 5 is ahorizontallsectionlonj new gered lineafxi, 4 i i Fig.6 is amgrflestitisjsgramitsu S tion operat vely connectedlto a,cylinde or a eci rocating"engine shearin ciprocating tanks actuated byl yvav Fig.7 is ayert'ieal cros jsectioii of Fig. 1. t I Fig'SIis'asectiOnon linef shows i'ng'a detail (e one erthe safet valves attached to the vacuum tanks. j 9 a. section sitt r. to'..Fi'g... 8 91! through asafety valve on one'of the pres s'ure' tanks." Fig. 10 i's a horizontal section on line-m Fig. .11 is horizontal cross sec ion 011* 95-. 1ine e rig; 7, showing af'cletail' ofone oi thegnidesfor my reciprocating task.. FigQIQ'is a fragment ail venticalpsection" on linew fi Fig. '5,"'sho wing afdetail-of' a"egg 1 u'um'unit independentlyfoffits" ides. no i Fig. 13- is a 'fragmental' vertical section on line 00 Fig.5 showin la' detailof an air compressing unit ,ind'pendently or", its: guides, which. are omitted] v, '1' It is understood inthelfollowing descrips. tion, that'thefterni used toinc 1- catea depression below' atmospheric pressure. 1. I proyide a v main, compressed up storage tanli 1 that" is connected pipe'Q to the. inlet end 3 ofa turbineengine 4; or thellmsame connection is made by pipe 2 to a valve chest3 of a reciprocating engine4; and also a main vacuum tank 5, correspond ng in dimensions to tank 1,9and which is connected'by apipe 6 to the'discharge end 7; l {of turbine engine 4 or bypipe 6' to'the exhaust port of a reciprocating engine 4; I so thatwhen thejtank 1 is charged with 1 air, and a vacuum is formed in tank 5, 1n the compressed air and vacuum will co-act :toactuate engines 4, 4'. That is compressed air from tank 1 will discharge through d1- .rectrix against one side, of buckets b of wheel 0, (see Fig. 4) ;V and the vacuum in; tank will greatly increase the velocity of the air by suction and consequently 'increasethe air impact on the turbine buckets, and correspondingly lncrease the engine efficiency; and in the reciprocating engine 4 the slide valve (Z will alternately reverse the air pressure and suction to opposite sides of 1 piston 6 so that when there is pressure on the'side f there will be a suction on the side 9 and ,vice versa, so thatthe force appl ed toward moving the piston is'increased as compared with its operation by the air pressure side only, thereby greatly increasing the',engines efiiciency. i l P Pipes 2, 2 and 6', 6 are provided with r j 4, '4 is regulated. valves; 8, 8 by which the speed of engines 'I'provide' means for continuously and simultaneous'ly supplying compressed air power and producing vacuum toactuate engines 4, 4"as'here1nbefore described; and i'illlS' means conslsts of ocean wave and tide actuated air compressors and vacuum producers that operate to continuouslyforce alrr into tank 1 and produceavacuum in tank 5; 40 and 'Ilocate the air-compressors and-vacuum V producers at the sea end 9 of apier 10 where "they are, continuously subjected to tide and 7 wave motion, *Tanks, 1, 5 are formed of an elongated semicircular shell 11 that hasedge flanges secured to abase plate 12 on pier platform '13; and a center wa1l'14 divides the enclosure of shell 11 into compartinents'or tanks 1, 5; and these tanks are formed along the full length of pier 10 and also extenda considerable distance into a palisade '15 so that they are "of great capacity, and pref e'rably the structure is of sheet ironso that the weight thereof will hold the pier down .i against upward'thrus-t of the tide or waves. Pier 10 is preferably constructed sothat itslland end 16 abuts a concrete wall 17 erected against a natural palisade '15 so f that the. pier is supported against tide'or wavethrust 'by a substantial backing. It is understood that parts 11-, 12, 14 hereinbefore mentione'd and other plates, tanks and cylinders hereinafter mentioned are {formed of standard sheet iron plates properly secured together by well known means such as riveting, bolting and welding; but. which are not shown or described in detail for the sake of brevity and clearness. On the undersideof the pier platform 13 there is secured a metalplate 18 that" corresponds inlength and width to plate 12; and under 1t are arranged a series of cylindrical auxiliary air storage and vacuum tanks 19, 20, that at their upper ends are pro vided with outwardly extending flanges by which they are secured by welding to plate 18 and they are arranged in alignment and alternate order so that their aXes are perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of pier r The bottom ends of the series of auxiliary tanks 19, 20 are closed by plates 21, 22; and to these plates are secured the flanged upper ends of the series of stationary vacuum cylinders 23, and the series of stationary compressor cylinders 24 thatcorrespond to the stationary cylinders 233ml 24' respectively, shown in my patents to which'l have hereinbefore referred: Cylinders 23, 24 are preferably arranged in alternate order and are substantially alike except that the vacuum cylinders 23 are considerably greater in diameter than the compressed air cylinders, and this difference in. diameter 1s for the purpose of equalizing the pressure and vacuum. I provide a series of reciprocating cylin ders 25, 26 in which are centrally secured water-seal cylinders 27 28 having water-seals 29 that are adapted to telescope with stationary cylinders 23, 24 when actuated by wave or tide. The reciprocating tanks 25,26 are provided with guides 30 that are spaced equidistant around, and are secured to the outer walls of said tanks; and engaging these" guides are rollers 31 that are spaced along, and are attached to the uprights 32. These uprights are preferably T-beams With their lower ends secured in triangular cementpiers 33 with their upper ends 'se cured by any WGllkIlOWIl means to pier 10'; and the uprights are spaced equidistant apart and arranged so that they hold each of the reciprocating tanks from sidewise movement and so that their reciprocation is central to the longitudinal axis of stationary cylinders 23, 24. Uprights 32 are connected by cross braces 34 which construction forms a substantial cage for each of the reciprocating tanks Said tanks 25, 26 are made buoyant by ex hausting the air from them so as to form a bottom-ends open so thatvtheyyfill with Water by opening of valves 40-as-the tanks descend, and the water pressure from the pipes closes valves t and-open'savalves a1 and draws air from-a the tanksby suction when the tanksare moving upwardly r'ela tively to; the surface of' the water, that is when the. tanks are pitched-upward; it beingnunderstood; of course, thatthe momentumof tanks 25,26 when in action, will sub= merge suchtanks below their buoyancy line so that'pipes 38 will nearlyfill with water that will discharge by gravity when the tanks are pitched upward by ,tidc or wave motion.- Cylinders 27 have'ftheir upperendsextended hig'her than-cylinders 28 and are bulged to prevent overflow of liquid sea-1'29 when cylinders 23, 2d aretelescoped-by upward movement of tanks 25, 26. Auxiliary tanks 19 are also provided with safety valves 42 shown indetail in- Fig: 8; andltanks 20 a reiprovided with safety valves 43 shown in Fig. 9 that operate to orevent excessive suction or pressure from displacing the liquid seal 29 from between cylinders 27, 2s. a, Suction valves 44, 45 are provided between vacuum tank 5, auxiliary tank 19 and cylinder 23 that open to exhaust air from tank when reciprocating tanks 25 descend, and close on the upward movement of the tanks, and cylinders 28 are provided with check valves 46 that permit air to exhaust from the cylinders 23 respectively on the upward stroke of tanks '25 and that close on the downward stroke. I I 7 Cylinders 24: are provided with, air inlet valves at? that open on the do-wnward'stroke of tanks26, and outlet valves 48, L9 are provided between, cylinders 26, auxiliary tanks and pressure tank 1, by which air taken into cylinders 24 is driven through valve 48, first into the auxiliary tank and then through valve49 into pressure tank 1. In practical operation, the reciprocating tanks 25, 26 are actuated by waves or tides to force them upward and they descend by gravity; and the valves are so arranged that the reciprocation of tank forms a vacuum in tank 5 and action of tank 26 produces a pressure in tank 1. To the extentthat tide and wave/motion are continuous their action on the hereinbefore mentioned tanks will produce a practically continuous efiect of alternating vacuum and pressure that are adapted to co-act in running a turbine, a rotary, or reciprocating engine as hereinbefore described. I claim: 1. In combination with a base, an upright secured to said base;- otral stationary vacuum I tank secured to said uprights a stationary vaccum cylinder connected to said stationary vacuum "tank; a wave actuated reciprocating tank havmg icyhnders adapted to reciprocate j with the stationary :vacuum" tank; and an auxiliary ank in r P sed between the'stationary vacuum tank and stationary vacuum cylinder; a :SLIGtlOHfialVe provided between the-stationary vacuum-tank andthe stationary vacuum cylinder adapted "toexhaust'air in the stationary'vacuum tank rand valves provided on the vacuum cylinder 'to-aperinit airto' be exhaustedtherefromon the upward p stroke of the reciprocating tank. 2. In combination with a base,- an upright secured to'said base; ot-a stationary vacuum tank, a stationary vacuumcylinckr cornymunicati-n g with said vacuum "tank a'n-auxil iary tank interposed" between the stationary vacuum tank and cylinder; a' wave actuated tank having cylinders-"adapted to telescope with the stationary tank; and valves intei*-' posed between the wave actuated tank-and stationary vacuum tank I for regulating the. exl'iaust of air in thevacuum-tankto create vacuum therein. V 3; In combination with a base, an upright secured to said base; ofa; stationary vacuum tank arranged above said upright; a stationary vacuum cylinder-communicating with sald vacuum tank; a reclprocatlng wave actuated cylinder, operable on said upright and telescoping the said stationary vacuum cylinder; an auxiliary vacuum chamber interposed between the stationary vacuum tank and vacuum cylinder; and valves in said auxiliary cylinder adaptedto function whereby air may be exhausted from the stationary vacuum tank when said reciprocating cylinder is actuated in one direction, y 4, In combination with a base, an upright secured to saidbase; of a main air storage tank of relatively large capacity, secured to the upright; a corresponding vacuum tank; a series of auxiliary air tanks in communication withsaid main airstorage tank, a series of auxiliary vacuum tanks arranged in alternate order to said auxiliary air tanks, said auxiliary vacuum 7 tanks being in communication with said mam vacuum tank; reclprocatmg tanks for drawing and forcing air through said auxiliary tanks into and out of said main tanks; and valves in said auxiliary vacuum tanks for exhausting air therefrom to produce a vacuum in the said main vacuum tank. 5. Anapparatus comprising a main air storage tank of large capacity, an auxiliary air tank having a passage communicating with said air storage tank; valves controlling the air passage between the auxiliary, and main air storage tanks; a cylinder secured to the bottom of said auxiliary air. tank; a reciprocating tank for forcing air to said cylinder and auxiliary tank into the [main air storage tank; and means for-pro ducing a continuous flow of air'under pres sure to the main air storage tank. 6. An apparatus comprising a statlonary c'ylinder;ia reciprocating tank forming a chamber and having cylinders adapted to telescope, with said stationary cylinder and Wavelactuated means to produce arpartial vacuumin said chamber, to make said tank more buoyant. 7 I I 7 An'apparatus COIIIPI'lSlng a stationary ,cylinden a -reciprocating tank forming a chamber; cylinders in sald tankadapted to telescope with said stationary cylinder; a Water-seal betweensaid stationary and reioiprocatlng cylinders; and Wave actuated 1 7 meansto produce and ma1nta1n a partial, 1 vacuum in saidchamber. I 7 8. An apparatuscomprlsing a statlonary cylinder; a reciprocating tank forming a casing and having its bottom end'open; and valves in said casing, one of Which is operated by Water entering said pipe as the tank drops into the Water to permit air therein to be exhausted and the other of V which is operated by the discharge of Water in said pipe by gravity, as the i tank is 1 pitched above the waterfto draw air from said chamber, 9. 'An apparatus comprising a stationary cylinder; a reciprocating tank forming a chamber; cylinders in said tank adapted to telescope With said stationary cylinder; a Water-seal between said stationary and re ciprocating cylinders; a pipe connected to said tank and being open on'its lower end and in communication. With said chamber through a valve controlled passage, and means whereby the air in said pipe is exhausted by wave action and air isWitlr drawn from said chambervtoproduce a partial vacuum therein. 7 I V In testimony whereot'l have hereunto set my hand at Los Angeles, California, this 10th day of August, 1921, r CHARLES N. HARE.



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